Refrain - One of the old school poetry terms, referring to a line or group of lines repeated throughout a poem. Usually the refrain appears at the end of a stanza.
Rhyme - The repetition of two or more words that sound the same or similar. Rhyme is one of the most difficult poetry terms to master in practice.
Rhyme royal - A type of rhyme invented by Geoffrey Chaucer in which stanzas are made up of seven lines of iambic pentameter with the following rhyme scheme: ababbcc.
Rictameter - A poem consisting of nine lines where the first and last lines are exactly the same and that follows a syllabic progression and regression by twos such that the lines of the poem maintain the following sequence of syllables: 2,4,6,8,10,8,6,4,2.
Romanticism - A movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in which the emphasis was on feeling and heightened emotion rather than reason and lauded the subjective, personal and individual experience. The Romantics often gave additional attention to nature. Famous Romantic poets include William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, John Keats, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
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